Reflexive verbs are probably the most narcissistic grammar form in Italian.
It changes just to show that what you’re doing…you’re doing to yourself.
(If you’re thinking dirty, stop it.)
So examples of where reflexive verbs are used are in situations like:
— Lavarsi – Washing yourself
— Vedersi – Looking at yourself
— Divertirsi – Enjoy yourself
— Farsi male – Hurt yourself
— Vestirsi/spogliarsi – Dress yourself/undress yourself
— Incontrarsi – Meet each other
— Innamorarsi – Fall in love with each other
— Baciarsi – Kiss each other
— Sposarsi – Marry each other
Usually, verbs look like:
— Lavare – To wash
— Vedere – To see
— Divertire – To have fun
So what’s up with these?
The answer is:
That’s just the way they are.
You drop the -e and add a -si.
Isn’t that nice?
But (as they say in marketing), that’s not all!
(No, doesn’t apply?)
You have to add a two letter word in front of the reflexive verb to show who is doing the task.
Let’s use vestirsi (to dress oneself) as an example.
Those little words are:
And they’re called reflexive pronouns. I know. Exciting stuff.
Here’s another example using the reflexive verb sentirsi (to feel):
If we broke this down, it would be:
Mi sento: I feel
Ti senti: You feel
Si sente: He/she/it feels
Ci sentiamo: We feel
Vi sentite: You all feel
Si sentono: They feel
CPF Cocktail Party Fact:
‘Ci sentiamo’ is a popular phrase in Italy that means, “we’ll hear from each other soon.” It’s a way to tell someone you’ll keep in touch with them as you leave somewhere.
Notice that you conjugate the verb in the same way as you would with the present tense in Italian.
Yay for simplicity!
Here are some examples to get you into the mix of things:
— Voldemort e Harry Potter non si sposano. – Voldemort and Harry Potter are not marrying each other.
— Bella e Edward si baciano. – Bella and Edward kiss each other.
— Katniss si sente male. – Katniss feels sick. (The Hunger Games will do that to you).
Okay. Enough overly used pop culture references.
Here is a list of others that you might see:
— Svegliarsi – to wake (yourself) up
— Alzarsi – to get (yourself) up
— Mettersi – to put on (yourself)
— Riposarsi – to rest
— Addormentarsi – to fall asleep
— Sedersi – to sit down
That sums it up for now!
In the comments below, tell me either:
— What you need to work on most in Italian
— Your favorite between Hunger Games, Harry Potter, and Twilight. :]